Tells Visiting Cubans That She Loves Them

Source: Globe and Mail Tuesday April 28 1959, p. 12.

Tells Visiting Cubans
That She Loves Them

Three of Fidel Castro’s Cuban rebels, minus beards and dressed in business suits, made a courtesy call at City Hall yesterday and signed the official guest book.

They were greeted by Acting Mayor Newman in Spanish and English. Her Spanish was limited to Yo te amo mucho: “I love you very much.”

Mrs. Newman agreed it was hardly the phrase to apply to visiting dignitaries, but said the only reason she remembered it was that she had said it to her husband prior to their marriage.

The rebels nodded and smiled.

Mrs. Newman visited Cuba in 1929. She had taken a course in Spanish, but had had no opportunity to practice the language.

The guests, Julian Rodriguez, Miguel Moutero and Rzue Vigoa, all students of the University of Havana, said they had participated in street fighting during the revolution.

They are members of a party of six assigned by the Cuban Government to visit Massey-Ferguson and International Harvester plants in Ontario.

Mrs. Newman gave each of the Cubans a Toronto Municipal Handbook.


Transcribed far research purposes by Kathleen Moore on 27 March 2009 2h34 a.m. from a photocopy of the article provided by Library and Archives Canada in Ottawa in a brown envelope postmarked 2008-03-31.

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Castro, Banks Discuss Ships

Source: Montreal, The Gazette, Monday, April 27, 1959, p. 3.

New CNS Deal?

Castro, Banks Discuss Ships

Fidel Castro held a closed-doors session late last night with Hal C. Banks, president of the Seafarers International Union, and there were indications they may have reached some agreement regarding the Cuban-owned former Canadian National Steamships fleet.

It was reported that Banks was accompanied by several other union officials.

The CNS sold eight ships to Cuba during a strike called by the SIU. The ships have since been tied up by further labor complications.
Banks refused to comment on the meeting.

The Cuban prime minister and the union officials reportedly decided that Cuba would make a direct approach to the Federal Government. Purpose of this approach was not immediately clear.

Earlier, at a press conference, Castro said Cuba cannot afford to have the ships idle.

“Either we want the ships operating or we would like our $500,000 back,” he declared.

“For Canada, $500,000 is not a lot of money but it is a lot of money for Cuba.”

Castro met the union officials in his suite at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel between a dinner tendered in his honor and the Chambre de Commerce des Jeunes‘ Toy Campaign dance, which he also attended.

– 30 –

Castro, Banks Discuss Future of CN Fleet

Source: Globe and Mail Tuesday April 28 1959, p. 17.

Castro, Banks Discuss
Future of CN Fleet

Montreal, April 27 (Staff) — Fidel Castro, Cuba’s prime minister, and Hal C. Banks, Canadian chieftain of the Seafarers International Union, have reached an understanding on the Cuban-owned former Canadian National Steamships fleet.

Mr. Banks said today that as a result of his conversations with Premier Castro he expects some action will be taken very soon that would free the eight-ship fleet tied up since it was struck by the SIU in 1957.

The ships were sold to Cuba in a third-party deal, but the fleet has been immobilized by a boycott of maritime unions.

Banks and Premier Castro met here in a downtown hotel during the Cuban leader’s visit to Montreal. Mr. Banks said the ownership of the vessels was clarified in the discussions, but he declined to disclose the decisions reached at the conference.

However, the SIU leader confessed that he had been impressed by the Cuban leader. He had made it clear, Mr. Banks said, that he would not be a party to strikebreaking.

Mr. Banks also disclosed that he is going to Cuba next month to help establish a Caribbean — West Indian — Canadian — U.S. transportation conference aimed at providing mutual assistance for participating unions.

“We are going to discuss the general economic problems facing the unions in Cuba,” he added.

Transcribed far research purposes by Kathleen Moore on 27 March 2009 2h20 a.m. from a photocopy of the article provided by Library and Archives Canada in Ottawa in a brown envelope postmarked 2008-03-31.

Castro Scoffs At Idea Government Communist

by Bill Bantey

Source: Montreal, The Gazette, Monday, April 27, 1959

Photo credit: (Gazette Photo Service)
Caption: Said Castro: “That’s an old question.”

Fidel Castro pointed an ac­cusing finger at the light on a television camera and said:

“Is that camera Communist because it has a red light?”

Each time someone brought up the question of Communist influence in the Cuban revolu­tionary government, Castro be­came impatient.

At the airport, seconds after his arrival, a television news­man stuck a microphone in front of Castro’s face and de­manded:

“Is it true there are many Communists in your government?”

“Aw,” said Castro, waving the man aside, “That’s an old question.”

But at a press conference later, he took the time to answer a similar question.

“Do we have to kill the Com­munists in Cuba, or persecute them, because of their political ideas?”

he asked fervently

“If we don’t kill them or persecute them, does that make us Com­munists? The whole thing — it’s absurd!

“It is no good to confuse fear with truth. We are for human­ism, not Communism or capi­talism.

“We are truly democrats. But there can be no freedom without bread, and no bread without freedom.”

He said his rebel movement has “no agreement” with the Communists.

“Our ideas are far from Communism,” he asserted.

Castro was accompanied at the press conference by mem­bers of his cabinet and Claude Dupras, president of the Chambre de Commerce des Jeunes [Youth Chamber of Commerce], the organization sponsoring his visit here.

He complained that the Bat­ista regime had left only $70,000,000 from national bank reserves of $400,000,000.

Seven hundred thousand people are jobless and Cuba is looking to Canada for its ex­ample of economic develop­ment.

He said Cuba’s problems can­not be solved alone. A Latin-American overall formula will have to be found. Private en­terprise alone is too slow a process to rebuild his country.

His aim, he went on, is to create a domestic market. Cuba is capable of producing many of the foods it now im­ports.

He said his government plans a policy of non-intervention in other Latin American states when he was asked about re­ported plans to overthrow the government in the Dominican Republic.

“Oppressed peoples every­where have our sympathies,” he said, “but we can only call on public opinion to rise against dictatorship. We cannot make the sacrifice of intervention.”

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Closing Note:

This was 1959 — doesn’t it sound to you like there’s sympathy up here in Quebec where the Lesage Liberals in 1961 will try to construct a communist PLAN for state-managed economic development….?


Transcribed for research purposes by Kathleen Moore on 27 March 2009 4h10 a.m. from a photocopy of the article provided by Library and Archives Canada in Ottawa in a brown envelope postmarked 2008-03-31.

Fidel Defies Guards To Meet People

Source: The Gazette, Montreal, Monday, April 27, 1959 [p.l]

Fidel Defies Guards To Meet People

Rousing Welcomes
Given Cuba’s

By Bill Bantey

Fidel Castro, defying his own Cuban bodyguards and three other police forces, hugged and shook hands with thousands of people here yesterday and declared:

“1 feel as if I’m in Havana.”

He asked Mayor Fournier to call off his Montreal police guards and with them still trailing, he strode across the width of Dorchester St., straddling the central mall, to “meet my people.”

Still wearing his olive-green army fatigues, and a bronze scapular dangling from his neck, the bearded prime minister of Cuba received rousing welcomes wherever he went.

“He could have been killed three dozen times the way he ignored us,” a high police official said.

As soon as his car, flying the Cuban flag, stopped anywhere, the 32-year-old rebel leader disappeared among the throngs to acknowledge cries of

“Viva, Castro” and “Hurray, Fidel.”

Women and teen-agers by the score fought to be close lo him.
Castro loved every moment of it.

“There’s a Latin atmosphere here,” he said, “that I sort of missed in the United Stales.”

In the first few hours of his visit, he held court numerous times — at Montreal Airport, on the street, in the lobby of the Queen Elizabeth Hotel, in Ste-Justine Hospital, and everywhere anyone stopped him.

Explains Policy

At a press conference, he explained the policies of his July the 26th movement and denied recurring charges that his government is Communist-influenced.

“Our policy is humanism, not Communism,” he asserted. “Anyone who says we are Communists knows nothing about political “culture.”

He admitted that he was delaying the calling of elections in Cuba, but said this was to permit the formation of “real” political parties.

“Right now,” he said, “94 per cent of the people are with us. The longer we delay in calling an election, the less support we will have. But an election today would be a Hitler or a Mussolini plebiscite because we are the only party.”

With Castro as he flew here from Boston — three hours behind schedule — was a party of some 75 Cuban government officials and newspapermen.

Among those greeting the lawyer who toppled the dictatorship of Fugencio Batista was Andrew R. L. (Andy) McNaughton, a Montrealer who helped secure arms for the rebels during the uprising.

Many of Castro’s July the 26th soldiers were with him. Like Castro, they wore army dress and beards.

Castro continually held a cigar in his hand — even when he was admitted to the nursery in Ste. Justine Hospital.

He left a trail of howling children in his wake. Two, however, were specially thrilled because the man with the beard stopped to talk and hold them in his arms.

At the Queen Elizabeth, when he was ushered into his suite by Vice-President and General Manager Donald M. Mumford, he grabbed a handful of cookies and grapes, stuffed them into his mouth.
He washed them down with a (Continued On Page 2)

(Gazette Photo Service)

CAPTION: Cuba’s Castro at Montreal Airport

[Page 2]

Castro Visit

bottle of ginger ale before taking another puff on his Cuban cigar.
On the street in front of the hotel, as he was mobbed by thousands of people, he stopped to give an interview to this reporter and another newsman.

Police were frantic.

Castro joked about his beard and dress.

He said he couldn’t afford either the cost or the time required for

“Figure it out for yourself,” he said.

His dress, he added, was a symbol and he had no intention of shedding it.

At a press conference later, Castro paid tribute to the Ste. Justine Hospital and said he wants to pattern new Cuban hospitals after it.
The RCMP, he said, would also serve as a model for a new Cuban police force.

The Mounties, they’re wonderful,” he said. “I never saw them before except in pictures. Now when I see them, I’m specially pleased. Their uniforms are the color of our July the 26th movement.”

Police were spotted on rooftops at the airport and at various vantage points along Castro’s parade route. Their assignment: to watch out for hired killers purportedly assigned to wiping out the rebel chief.

(From Page 1)

“We aren’t the only ones with beards,” Castro protested when someone brought up the matter again. “I see beards here, too.”

“They’re not rebels, they’re beatniks,” someone suggested.

“Beatniks? What’s that?” Castro demanded.

Guest of Honor At Dinner

Later in the evening, Castro was guest of honor at a dinner given by Gaston Laurion, honorary president of the Chambre de Commerce des Jeunes, the organization sponsoring the prime minister’s visit here.

Castro spoke for 15 minutes before some 40 Montreal businessmen. He told how his regime is proceeding in an effort to better the situation of Cubans.

“Our plans are ambitious plans,” he declared, “but we are going to fulfill them. The people now know the meaning of self-discipline.

Laurion presented him with a tractor at the close of the dinner.

At 12:10 p.m., Castro left the hotel again, to attend the Chambre’s Toy Dance campaign on behalf of Cuban children. A crowd of close to 200 people awaited him in the lobby.

At the dance at the Craig St. Armory, there were another 4,000 people.

Castro was due to leave here at 9:15 a.m. He is to pay a short visit to Houston, Texas, and then proceed to Buenos Aires where he’ll attend a Latin-American economic conference.


Transcribed for research purposes by Kathleen Moore on 27 March 2009 4hl0 a.m. and on 19 April 2009 at 4h13 a.m. from a photocopy of the article provided by Library and Archives Canada in Ottawa in a brown envelope postmarked 2008-03-31.

Agent of Influence — Film Suggests CIA Out to Destroy Lester Pearson and his Liberal Government

Source: Calgary Herald / CanWest News Service
Date: March 29, 2003
By Jamie Portman

CIA was out to get Pearson, film says:

Plot centres on mysterious death of diplomat

The CTV network is about to unveil a controversial new movie that suggests the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency was prepared to go to any lengths — even murder — four decades ago to destroy Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson and bring down his Liberal government.

Pearson’s offence?  He offended Washington by pursuing an independent foreign policy and by being too friendly toward the Soviets when the Cold War was at its peak.

The movie, Agent of Influence, is scheduled to premiere April 13 on CTV (Ch. 3) and threatens to lob another grenade into the already troubled terrain of Canada-U.S. relationships.

Ian Adams, who wrote the original 1999 book on which the film is based and co-authored the script with his son Riley, admits it contains parallels to the present situation, which sees Prime Minister Jean Chrétien in trouble with the Americans for refusing to bring Canada into the war against Iraq.

“They hoped to get Pearson because they were convinced he was a KGB agent himself,”

Adam told CanWest News Service.

“They saw his diplomatic activities in the United Nations and his opposition to the war in Vietnam as the activities of someone who was a Soviet agent or acting in the interests of the Soviet Union.  It’s exactly the same kind of thinking that’s going on today — and it’s somewhat eerie.”

The Alberta-Quebec co-production focuses on a troubling event in Cold War history — the mysterious 1964 death of Canadian diplomat John Watkins in a Montreal hotel room.  Watkins, a close friend of Pearson and former Canadian ambassador to Moscow, was picked up by RCMP special agents in Montreal and taken to a hotel room for interrogation.  A few days later, he was dead.

The official story was that he had died of a heart attack during a farewell dinner with friends in a Montreal restaurant before returning to Europe.

Adams thinks otherwise.  His thesis is that Watkins, who is portrayed in the movie by Christopher Plummer, became an innocent pawn in a plot to discredit Pearson.  Watkins himself was deemed a security risk by the Americans because of his homosexuality 1 and his access to the Kremlin’s inner circles, and the film speculates that the aim of his interrogation was to force a confession that he had been recruited by the KGB to influence Canadian foreign policy.

Adams, who has written several books on covert intelligence activities, was researching an earlier book when he began hearing

“whispers that Watkins had not died according to the official story.  These whispers came from former RCMP intelligence officers and a couple of people at the deputy minister level in the bureaucracy.”

Adams went to Quebec’s provincial archives to examine Watkins’s death certificate and recognized one of the witness signatures as that of an RCMP security officer.

“I recognized right away that he had not died among friends.  John Watkins was not the kind of man to spend his last day in Canada with RCMP officers.”

Adams then checked with the provincial coroner, who told him that the men who signed the certificate had not revealed their police connections.

“When you die in this country in police custody, you immediately get an inquest and an autopsy, and Watkins was denied both,” Adams points out.

After Adams published his initial findings in 1980, the Parti Québécois government swiftly ordered an inquest into Watkins’s 1964 death.  The RCMP refused to hand over the full report, claiming it would damage national security, but finally admitted Watkins had died under police interrogation in the Montreal hotel room and that he had not given in to Soviet blackmailing tactics and was not a traitor.  But Adams wasn’t satisfied, sensing Canadians had only heard part of the truth.  Watkins’s fate continued to haunt him.

“I carried the story around in my head for 20 years, gradually piecing it together.  It’s a fascinating story.  I couldn’t understand why they wanted to get to Watkins, and it was only after more digging and talking to more people that I realized they were really after Pearson and wanted to extract a confession from Watkins that would incriminate Pearson in some way.”

Adams concedes that portions of the story are speculative and stresses that apart from Watkins, all the characters are “fictional composites.”  But he says everything that happens in the movie is consistent with what he knows about the Central Intelligence Agency.

Among the more inflammatory ingredients: a vicious, homophobic CIA agent (Ted Whitthall) — who controls the interrogation and refuses medication to the angina-stricken Watkins; a Paris sequence involving the torture and murder of one of Watkins’s closest male friends.

“I’ve seen enough documentation about the way the CIA works around the world in various situations like that,” Adams says bluntly.

“Look at CIA activities around the world and this is the least of things you would accuse the CIA of doing.”

GRAPHIC: Photo: Courtesy, CTV; Christopher Plummer stars in Agent of Influence as Canadian diplomat John Watkins, who died mysteriously in a Montreal hotel room in 1964.

[Ed. NSIM] It was known by the FBI and indeed by the Un-American Activities Committee of the U.S. Congress, that Lester (aka “Mike”) Pearson was in fact a Soviet agent.  He was denounced in the U.S. McCarran hearings by former GRU (Soviet military intelligence) Elizabeth Bentley, well before the CIA (in this film portrayal) took a dislike to Pearson.

One wonders whether the FBI and the CIA were communicating.  One also wonders if the RCMP and the Crown were com­mu­ni­cat­ing at the time the FBI wrote to Canada’s national police to warn about Pearson, with a copy attached of Bentley’s testimony.

The FBI letter is reproduced in an FOI release of part of the anti-communist investigations into the Silvermaster file:

Lester B. Pearson, Soviet Espionage (File Description: HQ, Pearson L.; Subject: Silvermaster; File No. 65-56402; Vol. No. 151; Serials 3897-3945) Excerpt (1951)


– 30 –

U.S. Press in USSR Tricked Into False Impressions, 1970 Soviet Defector Says

Category:  Historical Reprints
SourceThe Deseret News, June 17th, 1986

U.S. Press in USSR Tricked
Into False Impressions,
1970 Soviet Defector Says

By David Moneypenny
Deseret News staff writer

Dressed as an American hippie, Tomas Schuman defected to the West in 1970 after serving the Soviet govern­ment as a dis­in­for­ma­tion specialist for the KGB-controlled Novosti Press Agency.  He brought with him a mes­sage:  Don’t believe everything you read about the Soviet Union in the American press.

Schuman, born under the name Yuri Bezmenov in Moscow in 1939, said in an interview with The Deseret News his job in the Soviet Union was to manipulate the American press and to give it a false impression of his country.

Schuman spoke at the Sheraton Hotel in Salt Lake City Saturday.

“The methods we use are very primitive, nothing new.  In the United States we call it public relations.  We give them good rooms, good booze and pretty translators,” Schuman said.

“We try to isolate foreign correspondents from the people for at least two months, then we let them talk to preselected people.”

Schuman said journalists are isolated from Soviet society and all interviews are prearranged.

“The correspondent from the New York Times does not notice the difference between the Soviet system and the American system because he never gets near the Soviet system,” he said.

While many of the reporters who go to the Soviet Union are tricked into sending a false impression back to the United States, Schuman said, Americans are skeptical about the reports.

“The trouble is with the big media, not the American people.  The truck driver and the farmer don’t trust the Soviets as much as the media do.  They know the American system is working better than the Soviet system, because they are a part of it.”

Being skeptical is the best way to deal with any information com­ing from the Soviet Union, Schuman said.

Schuman also said American investors in the Soviet Union are con­tributing to the military buildup in that country.  He said American companies help the Soviets to develop new military technologies.

“America is the only country in the history of mankind that feeds and pays its enemy,” he said.  “Every dollar of profit they (the Soviets) make from American investors is used to kill American soldiers in places such as Lebanon.”

Schuman supports the Reagan administration’s strong stance with the Soviet Union and said the Soviets respect it.

“They respect force — it’s the only language they understand.”

Schuman favors an even more aggressive approach.

“The United States has the moral right to invade Nicaragua, Cuba and Granada.  The Soviet Union does not have the right, not moral or economic.”

– 30 –

* Admin:  Unknown to Mr. Schuman (Yuri Bezmenov), the Reagan administration was working hand-in-glove with the USSR and Red China, signing joint education agreements (this per American whistleblower Charlotte Iserbyt, who has the documents to prove it in her database at

Also unknown to Mr. Schuman, Reagan was a protege of David Rockefeller, and a “Red Star over Hollywood”. Reagan’s name appeared on the letterhead of the World Federalists for many years (This per Gary Richard Arnold who calls Reagan “Red Ronny”).

Reagan was a Red globalist in disguise who put his Hollywood talent for acting to use in the White House for David Rockefeller.  In 1979, Reagan helped Rockefeller launch the Leninist regional union in North America by calling for a free flow of goods, people and money across the borders of North America.  He then re­spon­ded to an “invitation” from the Reds embedded in Canada to advance the continental merger under the guise of Canada-USA free trade, and on to NAFTA.

– 30 –