Castro, Banks Discuss Ships

Source: Montreal, The Gazette, Monday, April 27, 1959, p. 3.

New CNS Deal?

Castro, Banks Discuss Ships

Fidel Castro held a closed-doors session late last night with Hal C. Banks, president of the Seafarers International Union, and there were indications they may have reached some agreement regarding the Cuban-owned former Canadian National Steamships fleet.

It was reported that Banks was accompanied by several other union officials.

The CNS sold eight ships to Cuba during a strike called by the SIU. The ships have since been tied up by further labor complications.
Banks refused to comment on the meeting.

The Cuban prime minister and the union officials reportedly decided that Cuba would make a direct approach to the Federal Government. Purpose of this approach was not immediately clear.

Earlier, at a press conference, Castro said Cuba cannot afford to have the ships idle.

“Either we want the ships operating or we would like our $500,000 back,” he declared.

“For Canada, $500,000 is not a lot of money but it is a lot of money for Cuba.”

Castro met the union officials in his suite at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel between a dinner tendered in his honor and the Chambre de Commerce des Jeunes‘ Toy Campaign dance, which he also attended.

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Castro Scoffs At Idea Government Communist

by Bill Bantey

Source: Montreal, The Gazette, Monday, April 27, 1959

Photo credit: (Gazette Photo Service)
Caption: Said Castro: “That’s an old question.”

Fidel Castro pointed an ac­cusing finger at the light on a television camera and said:

“Is that camera Communist because it has a red light?”

Each time someone brought up the question of Communist influence in the Cuban revolu­tionary government, Castro be­came impatient.

At the airport, seconds after his arrival, a television news­man stuck a microphone in front of Castro’s face and de­manded:

“Is it true there are many Communists in your government?”

“Aw,” said Castro, waving the man aside, “That’s an old question.”

But at a press conference later, he took the time to answer a similar question.

“Do we have to kill the Com­munists in Cuba, or persecute them, because of their political ideas?”

he asked fervently

“If we don’t kill them or persecute them, does that make us Com­munists? The whole thing — it’s absurd!

“It is no good to confuse fear with truth. We are for human­ism, not Communism or capi­talism.

“We are truly democrats. But there can be no freedom without bread, and no bread without freedom.”

He said his rebel movement has “no agreement” with the Communists.

“Our ideas are far from Communism,” he asserted.

Castro was accompanied at the press conference by mem­bers of his cabinet and Claude Dupras, president of the Chambre de Commerce des Jeunes [Youth Chamber of Commerce], the organization sponsoring his visit here.

He complained that the Bat­ista regime had left only $70,000,000 from national bank reserves of $400,000,000.

Seven hundred thousand people are jobless and Cuba is looking to Canada for its ex­ample of economic develop­ment.

He said Cuba’s problems can­not be solved alone. A Latin-American overall formula will have to be found. Private en­terprise alone is too slow a process to rebuild his country.

His aim, he went on, is to create a domestic market. Cuba is capable of producing many of the foods it now im­ports.

He said his government plans a policy of non-intervention in other Latin American states when he was asked about re­ported plans to overthrow the government in the Dominican Republic.

“Oppressed peoples every­where have our sympathies,” he said, “but we can only call on public opinion to rise against dictatorship. We cannot make the sacrifice of intervention.”

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Closing Note:

This was 1959 — doesn’t it sound to you like there’s sympathy up here in Quebec where the Lesage Liberals in 1961 will try to construct a communist PLAN for state-managed economic development….?


Transcribed for research purposes by Kathleen Moore on 27 March 2009 4h10 a.m. from a photocopy of the article provided by Library and Archives Canada in Ottawa in a brown envelope postmarked 2008-03-31.

Fidel Defies Guards To Meet People

Source: The Gazette, Montreal, Monday, April 27, 1959 [p.l]

Fidel Defies Guards To Meet People

Rousing Welcomes
Given Cuba’s

By Bill Bantey

Fidel Castro, defying his own Cuban bodyguards and three other police forces, hugged and shook hands with thousands of people here yesterday and declared:

“1 feel as if I’m in Havana.”

He asked Mayor Fournier to call off his Montreal police guards and with them still trailing, he strode across the width of Dorchester St., straddling the central mall, to “meet my people.”

Still wearing his olive-green army fatigues, and a bronze scapular dangling from his neck, the bearded prime minister of Cuba received rousing welcomes wherever he went.

“He could have been killed three dozen times the way he ignored us,” a high police official said.

As soon as his car, flying the Cuban flag, stopped anywhere, the 32-year-old rebel leader disappeared among the throngs to acknowledge cries of

“Viva, Castro” and “Hurray, Fidel.”

Women and teen-agers by the score fought to be close lo him.
Castro loved every moment of it.

“There’s a Latin atmosphere here,” he said, “that I sort of missed in the United Stales.”

In the first few hours of his visit, he held court numerous times — at Montreal Airport, on the street, in the lobby of the Queen Elizabeth Hotel, in Ste-Justine Hospital, and everywhere anyone stopped him.

Explains Policy

At a press conference, he explained the policies of his July the 26th movement and denied recurring charges that his government is Communist-influenced.

“Our policy is humanism, not Communism,” he asserted. “Anyone who says we are Communists knows nothing about political “culture.”

He admitted that he was delaying the calling of elections in Cuba, but said this was to permit the formation of “real” political parties.

“Right now,” he said, “94 per cent of the people are with us. The longer we delay in calling an election, the less support we will have. But an election today would be a Hitler or a Mussolini plebiscite because we are the only party.”

With Castro as he flew here from Boston — three hours behind schedule — was a party of some 75 Cuban government officials and newspapermen.

Among those greeting the lawyer who toppled the dictatorship of Fugencio Batista was Andrew R. L. (Andy) McNaughton, a Montrealer who helped secure arms for the rebels during the uprising.

Many of Castro’s July the 26th soldiers were with him. Like Castro, they wore army dress and beards.

Castro continually held a cigar in his hand — even when he was admitted to the nursery in Ste. Justine Hospital.

He left a trail of howling children in his wake. Two, however, were specially thrilled because the man with the beard stopped to talk and hold them in his arms.

At the Queen Elizabeth, when he was ushered into his suite by Vice-President and General Manager Donald M. Mumford, he grabbed a handful of cookies and grapes, stuffed them into his mouth.
He washed them down with a (Continued On Page 2)

(Gazette Photo Service)

CAPTION: Cuba’s Castro at Montreal Airport

[Page 2]

Castro Visit

bottle of ginger ale before taking another puff on his Cuban cigar.
On the street in front of the hotel, as he was mobbed by thousands of people, he stopped to give an interview to this reporter and another newsman.

Police were frantic.

Castro joked about his beard and dress.

He said he couldn’t afford either the cost or the time required for

“Figure it out for yourself,” he said.

His dress, he added, was a symbol and he had no intention of shedding it.

At a press conference later, Castro paid tribute to the Ste. Justine Hospital and said he wants to pattern new Cuban hospitals after it.
The RCMP, he said, would also serve as a model for a new Cuban police force.

The Mounties, they’re wonderful,” he said. “I never saw them before except in pictures. Now when I see them, I’m specially pleased. Their uniforms are the color of our July the 26th movement.”

Police were spotted on rooftops at the airport and at various vantage points along Castro’s parade route. Their assignment: to watch out for hired killers purportedly assigned to wiping out the rebel chief.

(From Page 1)

“We aren’t the only ones with beards,” Castro protested when someone brought up the matter again. “I see beards here, too.”

“They’re not rebels, they’re beatniks,” someone suggested.

“Beatniks? What’s that?” Castro demanded.

Guest of Honor At Dinner

Later in the evening, Castro was guest of honor at a dinner given by Gaston Laurion, honorary president of the Chambre de Commerce des Jeunes, the organization sponsoring the prime minister’s visit here.

Castro spoke for 15 minutes before some 40 Montreal businessmen. He told how his regime is proceeding in an effort to better the situation of Cubans.

“Our plans are ambitious plans,” he declared, “but we are going to fulfill them. The people now know the meaning of self-discipline.

Laurion presented him with a tractor at the close of the dinner.

At 12:10 p.m., Castro left the hotel again, to attend the Chambre’s Toy Dance campaign on behalf of Cuban children. A crowd of close to 200 people awaited him in the lobby.

At the dance at the Craig St. Armory, there were another 4,000 people.

Castro was due to leave here at 9:15 a.m. He is to pay a short visit to Houston, Texas, and then proceed to Buenos Aires where he’ll attend a Latin-American economic conference.


Transcribed for research purposes by Kathleen Moore on 27 March 2009 4hl0 a.m. and on 19 April 2009 at 4h13 a.m. from a photocopy of the article provided by Library and Archives Canada in Ottawa in a brown envelope postmarked 2008-03-31.

Walsh Says Red Visitors Vital Threat

Category:  Historical Reprints
SourceThe Montreal Gazette, October 20, 1956

Walsh Says
Red Visitors Vital Threat

Labrieville, Que., Oct. 19. –CP–  Pat Walsh, secretary of the PanCanadian anti-Communist league and onetime fellow-traveller of Communist groups, charged today that two of the seven Soviet lumber experts touring Canada pose a “vital threat” to Canada’s internal security.

In a statement issued here he named them as G. M. Orlov, Soviet lumber minister, and L. V. Roos, timber research director.

The Walsh statement said the two Soviet officials interviewed Bruce Magnuson, member of the Canadian Labor-Progressive (Communist) Party in Moscow in 1951, and that Magnuson was instructed to tell Canadian Communists to set the forests afire in the event of war with Russia.

In 1953 when Walsh announced his resignation from a number of Communist-front organizations, he said the Canadian Woodworkers’ Union, of which he was a former organizer, had received orders from Moscow to prepare to dynamite hydro-electric plants and set forest fires if Canada and Russia were at war.  He said sabotage orders had been given Magnuson “during his recent visit to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.”

Magnuson, at Port Arthur, termed the statements “all nonsense … inflammatory fabrications … attempts at character assassination as a means of political terror.”)

Walsh was the first to make the disclosure last month of an attempt by a Soviet diplomat to bribe a Canadian air station clerk.  The diplomat, second secretary of the Russian Embassy, was ejected from the country, and the clerk was dismissed.

In his statement today Walsh said Orlov worked for a while “in conspiratorial activities of the Comintern” and that Roos “is a high MVD official whose task is to ensure a continual flow of slave labor to the central timber administration of Western Siberia and the Urals.”


The Justice Department, External Affairs Department and RCMP said when questioned today they had no knowledge of the Walsh charges and would not comment immediately.

The Soviet delegation is returning a visit made to Russia earlier this year by Canadian lumber industry representatives, and will be in Ottawa shortly.  They are now on the West Coast.

– 30 –


Raps Communists, Canadian Tribune

Category:  Historical Reprints.
Source:  The Montreal Gazette, February 3, 1945

Raps Communists, Canadian Tribune

R. J. Lamoureux Charges Disruption of Labor Unions Sought by Leaders

Charging the Labor-Progressive Party and Canadian Communist leaders with undermining systematically Canadian unity, especially among the trade unions, R.J. Lamoureux of the United Steelworkers of America, stated last night at a press conference that

“Tim Buck and Joe Solzberg, the brain-trust of the Communist party, and their mouthpiece The Canadian Tribune should be indicted for treason to Canadian labor and to Canadian unity.”

He said “these so-called ‘politicians’, whose adventures have led them from the Moscow-directed international sickle and hammer policy to the double-crossing tactics of the capitalistic Liberal party are trying very hard to convince Canadians that they are representatives of Canadian labor, while in reality their deeds reveal nothing but the destruction of the labor movement and general chaos among all Canadians will satisfy them.”

Mr. Lamoureux condemned the Canadian Tribune, the Communist weekly, because as he put it,

“it is the mouthpiece of the saboteurs of Canadian unity, regardless of its professed favoritism shown toward the Liberal Party.”

He declared that the latest “trick” of the Canadian Communists was to interfere in the election of officers in Canadian unions, notably the United Steelworkers of America, whose Canadian director is C. H. Millard.  He said that the latter was opposed by “Communist supported candidates.”

“George McNeil and T. McClure,” he said “are both favored by the Canadian Tribune in its campaign of destruction of the unity of Canadian labor.  They oppose Mr. Millard and John Mitchell respectively in the coming elections for the position of national director and director of district No. 6 of the United Steelworkers of America.”

– 30 –


‘Brainwashed in Spirit of Hatred’:  War Games Reveal Kremlin Mind, Says Immigrant

Category:  Historical Reprints.
Source:  The Montreal Gazette, December 16, 1974

‘Brainwashed in Spirit of Hatred’:
War Games Reveal Kremlin Mind, Says Immigrant

By Tomas Schuman

As a former Soviet citizen and reserve officer of the Soviet Army, I would like to tell my Canadian friends about three common and, to my mind, dangerous myths related to East-West military confrontation and the level of defence that a country like Canada should maintain.

Detente is a dangerous myth, for while the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) countries cut their military spending the Warsaw bloc builds up its aggressive might in Europe.

So far, detente exists only on paper or in the minds of politicians.  No real willingness to come to peace terms with the West has been demonstrated by the communist bloc.  People of the socialist countries are basically as unaware of commonly accepted truths about the West as before.  The Soviets are still convinced that “U.S. imperialism” is going to attack them any minute, and the Eastern communist leaders continue to brainwash their people in the spirit of war paranoia.  Do not believe me — take any issue of the Soviet newspaper Pravda.

The Soviet citizen is as unfree to go out of his country as before, and no foreign newspapers are allowed in the communist countries.  So detente exists only for the leaders, dining and drinking in each other’s capitals, but not for the people of communist countries.

Yes my people, Russians, may be as peaceful as the Chinese or as the Canadians.  But it will not be the people who fight, it will be the armies, and the communist armies are highly disciplined, unlike the U.S. army, thoroughly

Dialogue: A column open to express viewpoints on topics of interest.  Tomas Schuman, who has lived in Canada for more than four years, is an announcer-producer with CBC International.


brainwashed in the spirit of hatred of the “decadent West.”

To give an example:  when I was a student at Moscow State University, I had to undergo military training as a reserve military intelligence officer.  For our war games, our instructors used the maps of West Germany and the U.S.A.  That shows the intentions of the Kremlin.  I have never seen any Canadian youths in universities or schools playing war games with maps of the U.S.S.R.  That is good.

“Do not act aggressively, and the aggressor will never touch you”:  that does not work with communism, or fascism.

From the communist, fascist or territorist philosophical viewpoint the West is historically doomed, capitalist democracy is corrupt.  Just by definition you are, in the West, wrong any way.  According to Marxist dogma, you have to give way to the “better system” of centralized dictatorship of the party, the GULAG system.  But, says the doctrine, the ruling imperialist circles are fighting for their survival.

Therefore, using military force to save oppressed Canadians from their industrialists is inevitable.  In this context peacefulness and disarmament are signs of weakness, that is exactly what tempts the Soviet and other totalitarian leaders to strike the first blow.

What I would suggest to a country like Canada is to spend more money for an information system which tells Canadians and people outside Canada more about the positive aspects of the Canadian Armed Forces, about the peacekeeping role of Canadians.  The army must be respected by the population.  Canada must not allow her army to be demoralized by hysterical protesters as happened in the U.S.

One more idea from a Russian immigrant:  promote peace.

Spend more money for international broadcasting of the CBC in Russian and other East European languages.

Canadians have to break through the censorship of the communist countries and explain to the Soviets and other people beyond the iron curtain that you are a peaceful people, that Canada stands for friendship, open society, freedom of movement, of ideas and people.  Russians do not know about this because the Soviet propaganda machinery, of which I myself was a part five years ago, tells my people that the communist bloc is constantly being threatened by NATO (and that includes Canada) and that on the other hand, poor Canadians dream of being liberated by the glorious Soviet army.

Convince the Russians that it is not tru — spend more money for broadcasting on shortwave beamed to the communist countries.  Words are more powerful these days than bullets, and the Kremlin knows that very well.  That is why Moscow is so afraid of international satellite broadcasting.  Spend more for the propaganda of peace, in the long run it may come cheaper than rockets and tanks.

– 30 –


Newspaper Seeks Ruling On ‘Election Libel’

Category:  Historical reprints
Subject matter:  Newspaper slanders federal election candidate for having presented Pat Walsh at a public meeting on the truth about Communists in the federal government.
SourceThe Montreal Gazette, December 10, 1959

Supreme Court Hears Vote Case

Newspaper Seeks Ruling On ‘Election Libel’

Ottawa.  Dec. 9.—CP—The Toronto Globe and Mail today asked the Supreme Court of Canada to rule that a newspaper criticiz­ing the platform and campaign tactics of a federal election candi­date is not open to damages for libel unless the candidate proves malice.

The daily newspaper, contend­ing that a federal election is an occasion of qualified privilege, asked the court to upset an On­tario Appeal Court judgment last January ordering a new trial for Lawyer John Boland’s suit against The Globe and Mail.

The present appeal is expected to end tomorrow. Globe Counsel C. F. H. Carson, who began his argument today, is expected to conclude tomorrow and be followed by Mr. Boland, who has been arguing his own case through three years of litigation.

Mr. Boland, an Independent Progressive Conservative candidate for Toronto Parkdale in the Federal General Election of June 10, 1957, alleged that a Globe And Mail editorial during the election campaign libelled him and caused a substantial reduc­tion in the number of votes cast for him.  He was defeated.

Launching an action under the Libel and Slander Act of Ontario, Mr. Boland claimed for his lost $200 deposit and for considerable damages as a result of injury to his reputation and character.

In Ontario Supreme Court, Mr. Justice W. F. Spence said that during a federal election in Can­ada a newspaper has a public duty to comment — even critic­ally — on the candidates, their campaigns, platforms or policies.

He ruled that an election is an occasion of qualified privilege, which he explained this way:

“There are occasions upon which, on grounds of public policy and convenience, a person may, without incurring legal liab­ility, make statements about an­other which are defamatory and in fact untrue.

Protected Case

“On such occasions a man, stating what he believes to be the truth about another, is pro­tected in so doing, providing he makes the statement honestly and without any indirect or im­proper motive.

“These occasions are called accasions of qualified privilege, for the protection which the law, on grounds of public policy, af­fords is not absolute but de­pends on the honesty of purpose with which the defamatory statement is made.”

Mr. Justice Spence ruled that The Globe and Mail editorial was published on such an occa­sion, and that Mr. Boland’s case would succeed only if he could prove malice.

When Mr. Boland completed his case, the newspaper called no further evidence.  Instead, Mr. Carson made a plea of qualified privilege and moved for non-suit.  Judge Spence then took the case from the jury, finding that Mr. Boland had submitted no evid­ence of malice.  He dismissed the action.

In Mr. Boland’s subsequent and successful appeal to the On­tario Court of Appeals, Mr. Jus­tice A. M. Lebel wrote the rea­sons for the court’s decision to order a new trial and he dis­agreed with Mr. Justice Spence on several points.

In the first place, be said, to plead a defence of qualified pri­vilege, the defendant must — in order to succeed — establish the facts on which that plea is based.

The privilege would be worth little, Judge Lebel said, if a per­son making a .statement on such an occasion were required to prove that he honestly believed his statement to be true.  In such a case “bona fides” is always presumed.

However, in a case of qualified privilege, this presumption was not irrebuttable as it is in a case of absolute privilege.

Mr Justice Lebel said it would be “most unjust” if the press — or an individual — were allowed the protection of a privi­lege when the evidence at the end of the plaintiff’s case shows that the privilege may have been exceeded.

By this, he explained, he meant a situation where the pub­lication “contains a material statement of fact that has not been proved, and further that there may be good reason to think that it was made without an honest belief in its truth, and hence maliciously.”

He said this was the situation when Mr. Boland closed his case in trial court and The Globe and Mail moved for non-suit.  He said that in his opinion, there was evidence of express malice which should have gone to the jury.

The case concerns a Globe and Mail editorial that appeared four days after Mr. Boland held a public meeting at which be presented Pat Walsh, whom he described as a former under­cover agent for the RCMP.  Part of Mr. Boland’s advertisement for the meeting said:  “Hear the truth about Communists at Ot­tawa.”

– 30 –


Walsh Bares Red Activities to U.S. Group

(New York Times Service)

Source:  The Montreal Gazette, July 14th, 1953.
Albany, N.Y., July 13 — (/P) — A Canadian ex-Communist today told House of Representatives investigators that he helped engineer a 1949 shipping strike as a Communist scheme to scuttle the Marshall Plan.

Patrick Walsh of Quebec, who said he had been active in Communist causes in Canada and abroad for the past 18 years, described two meetings he had attended at which strategy for the strike by members of the Canadian Seamen’s Union was drawn up.

The 37-year-old ex-Communist, who spoke with an accent that he called French but also seemed to have a touch of brogue, listed a number of Canadian and European trade union leaders who he said were Communists.  He said he had “no positive proof” of party membership by any Americans.

The stocky witness told how he had quit the Communist Party and allied causes last February, influenced by party orders to blow up Canadian power plants in case of war with Russia and by the Communists’ support of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, the atomic spies.

“I could not have anything to do with something that smacked of treason,” Walsh told Rep. Bernard W. Kearney, Republican of upstate New York, the subcommittee chairman.

The Republican congressmen exhibited considerable interest when Walsh brought into his testimony the name of Alger Hiss, former State Department Official now serving a federal prison sentence for perjury.

The witness quoted from an article in a French magazine written, he said, by Sir Walter Citrine of England, first president of the Communist dominated World Federation of Trade Unions.

As translated by Walsh, the article said that in 1946 when he was Secretary General of the United Nations conference in San Francisco, Hiss had written to the WFTU president, inviting his group to submit memoranda that could be presented to all the UN conference delegates.

The Canadian testified that he had attended a meeting of “top Communists” from several countries in Genoa, Italy, in 1948 at which the seamen’s strike was planned.  He said the work stoppage, which tied up shipping in London and several Italian and North African ports, was “a political strike with no bona fide trade-union principles whatsoever.”

Questioned by the subcommittee members, Walsh said that although the 1949 Canadian strike had been settled by the intervention of a non-Communist union, “the menace still exists.”  He concluded that “the same pattern” of Communist operations “is followed everywhere, including the United States.”

– 30 –

Radicals Pursue RCMP Officers

Category:  Historical Reprints
SourceThe Montreal Gazette, Dec. 10, 1980

Radicals Pursue RCMP Officers

TORONTO (UPC) — Royal Canadian Mounted Police officers who received documents allegedly stolen from the headquarters of a now-defunct Toronto radical group will face criminal charges — if the group’s lawyer can discover their identities.

Directors of Praxis Corporation said that they would try to lay private charges of possession of stolen property valued under $200 against several RCMP Security Service officers.

On Dec. 19, 1970, Praxis’ midtown offices were burgled and most of the building destroyed by a blaze of undetermined origin.

Among files taken were study papers on organizing poor peoples’ conferences, minutes of meetings and a reprint of a newspaper article warning of the “socialist threat”.

In February 1977, the RCMP admitted it had received documents stolen in the break-in and that some of them had been destroyed.

– 30 –