Canadian Background of Current Polish Communist Spy Ring in U.K.

Source:  Arcand Papers at Concordia University
Date:  Ottawa, January 16, 1961
Author:  Pat Walsh, (“Former RCMP Special Branch Agent”)
Archive:  1096-1103 Pat Walsh (Ottawa) date 16-01-1961, Text on spy ring, Adrien Arcand Collection, Special Collections, Concordia University, Adrien Arcand Collection.

Canadian Background of Current Polish
Communist Spy Ring in U.K.

By Pat Walsh


[Handwriting: “Not for translation P.W.]

Canadian Anti-Communist Secretariat
P.O. Box 551 – Station B – Ottawa – Ont.

Pat Walsh,
General Secretary, CAS.
Ottawa, Jan. 16, 1961.

– Canadian Background of Current Polish
Communist Spy Ring in U.K. –

At various times in 1947-48 a group of Polish-Canadians from Toronto, Welland, Hamilton, Regina, Winnipeg & Vancouver set out for Poland.  All of these persons were known Communists, most of them had been active in Commie controlled trade-unions like the United Electrical Workers Union (US), the Mine-Mill & Smelter Workers Union, the Canadian Seamens’ Union (CSU) and in various other unions under Red domination.  This group of 16 repatriates told the press at the time of their departure that they were going back to Poland “to spend their old age there and to help the new Polish government build up a Communist Poland”.  Not much attention was paid to this departure at the time and the “case of the 16 Polish repatriates” was soon forgotten.  Another Communist who had been born in Lublin, Poland of Jewish-Russian parentage, Fred Rosenberg, and who was now known as “Fred Rose”, was not forgotten, however.  This Fred Rose turned out to be the famous “Dabouz” of the Gouzenko “papers” and after his trial in 1947 was convicted as a Soviet espionage agent and condemned to the penitentiary.

Fred Rose, Soviet spy (code named Dabouz)

Fred Rose, Soviet spy (code named Dabouz)

“repatriate” by the name of Leopold Infold, a former Professor at the University of Toronto, and a trusted “researcher” at the National Research Centre in Ottawa during the 1943-45 war-time years, suddenly “disappeared” in 1947 and then turned up in Communist Poland.  This Leopold Infold was on the editorial board of a Communist magazine called TO-DAY and had as a co-editor a certain Jean-Louis Gagnon, another old-time Communist and intimate friend of Fred Rose.


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– Polish Espionage Ring Unmasked in France –

IN NOVEMBER 1960, an extensive Communist Polish spy organization working for Warsaw & Moscow was unmasked in France.  The final clue to the discovery was provided in connection with French police investigations that had been concerned with the murder of a Pole.  It was found that this man had been killed by his accomplices upon instructions from the directing center of the espionage activities because he did no longer want to comply with its orders.

This Polish Communist spy-ring also included as one of its members the so far highly respected mayor of a larger French town who is of Polish descent, too.

Ties also were being maintained with Red Spanish elements engaged in pro-Soviet espionage activities against the country by which they had been granted political asylum.  The ramifications of this Polish spy ring [were] so far-flung that all counter-espionage authorities in the Free World were alerted.  This ring extended from Communist China to Havana, Cuba and comprised about sixty well-trained international Communists from all countries, most of whom had seen action in the INTERNATIONAL BRIGADE in the Spanish Civil war of 1936-39.  Strangely enough INTERPOL (international police) had some of these names in their files as suspects in a new efficient narcotics ring extending from Red China to Havana, Cuba.  Stranger still, most of those persons seemed to be in possession of Canadian passports.


“Smith of Special Branch” is the dreaded name given by Communists to Detective-Superintendent George Gordon Smith of the Scotland Yard Special Branch.  The real head of Special Branch is now believed to be in Canada, working closely with the RCMP Special Branch into the Canadian aspects of this Polish Communist spy-ring.  For some time, newspapers in Great Britain have known that this high official “was abroad” on something “big”.  However,


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it was “Smith of Special Branch” that astounded the British public during the week-end of January 8th, 1961, by arresting two women and three men, including two British Admiralty civil servants, on charges under the Official Secrets Act.  The five people include a Canadian couple, PETER JOHN KROGER, 50, a bookseller, and his wife HELEN JOYCE KROGER, another person who had once lived in Vancouver in 1955, GORDON ARNOLD LONSDALE, 37, who gave his profession as “company director”.  The two others were MISS STEEL ELIZABETH GEE, 46, a civil servant, and HENRY FREDERICK HOUGHTON, 55, also a civil servant.  Both these civil servants were employed at the top-secret British Admiralty’s underwater warfare establishment in Portland, Dorset, where HMS Osprey is situated.


SOVIET AND POLISH NAVAL INTELLIGENCE have been trying for some time to get information on a Canadian device known as the VARIABLE DEPTH ASDJC, said to increase by many times the possibility of detecting submerged submarines.  Some reports said that in conditions favorable for underwater “listening” it worked at a range of 50 miles.  In June, 1959, the British Navy, in “streamlining” its activities, decided to concentrate underwater research and development at HMS Osprey and merged a number of establishments at Portland.

Among them were the Torpedo Experimental Establishment at Greenock; the RN Torpedo Dept. at Weymouth; the Underwater Counter Measures & Weapons Establishment at Havant; and the Underwater Launching Establishment at Bournsmouth.  There are 3,000 civilians, including scientific workers, at Portland.  The Soviets also “streamlined” their naval espionage ring accordingly.  They “concentrated” their Polish spy ring at the merged establishments.


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Our Intelligence contacts in the U.K. report this week that Peter Kroger was in close contact with the “Davis bookstore in Montreal”.  This bookstore in Montreal is owned by one Raymond Arthur Davis, alias Roy Davis, whose real name is Shogan.  This is the same Davis who was arrested by the RCMP a few years ago on a passport fraud charge, was convicted & sentenced to jail.  He is an old-time “apparatchik” of the Soviets.  In 1934-35 he was active in the YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE across Canada.  In August, 1936, he was one of the delegates of the Communist-dominated CANADIAN YOUTH CONGRESS to the First World Youth Congress held in Geneva, Switzerland.  The chairman of this delegation was none other than PAUL MARTIN, M.P., later to become a Federal cabinet minister.  Others in this delegation were WILLIAM KASHTON (now the Communist Trade-Union Commission Director), KENNETH WOODSWORTH, an old-time Commie fellow-traveller who infiltrated Canadian Intelligence during World War II, T.C. DOUGLAS, M.P., the present CCF Premier of Saskatchewam, NORMAN LEVY, Chairman of the CANADIAN YOUTH CONGRESS and other assorted “united front” socialists of the CCF who collaborated with the Commies in the Thirties.

Roy Davis became known as Raymond Arthur Davis during World War II when he was a full-time employee of the CBC and a frequent visitor to the Soviet Union.  These frequent trips to the USSR roused RCMP suspicions and after close surveillance Davis was caught red-handed in fraudulent passport practices.  After his release from prison he “disappeared” for a while, then surfaced in Montreal as owner or the DAVIS BOOK STORE.  This bookstore is, of course, only a “front” for Soviet espionage activities.  The “defection” on January 14, 1961 of Dr. Rysard Zialinski, former commercial consul at the Polish consulate-general in Sydney, Australia, has given rise to speculation whether Zielinski might be able to give information to help track down the Warsaw-based Soviet spy ring uncovered in the U.K.


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SEVERAL CANADIAN NEWSPAPERS have raised the question recently about the top-secret “transfer” of the famed “Polish treasures” which were moved secretly from the Provincial museum to a Polish ship across the Canadian-USA border.  It is significant that only “LA PRESSE” of Montreal was able to have a newspaperman present during the whole secret “transfer”.  Here again we come across the sinister JEAN-LOUIS GAGNON, the personal friend of Fred Rose and Leopold Infold.  This Jean-Louis Gagnon is now the “boss” of “LA PRESSE” in the capacity of managing editor.  His wife, Helena (nee Jobidon) is also an old-time fellow traveller of the Communist Party.  She makes frequent trips to Iron Curtain countries, speaks at international Communist conferences in Bucharest, Prague, Warsaw and Peking.  She spent four months recently in Red China as the guest of the Chinese Communists.

It was Helena Gagnon who arranged the Canadian tour of the so-called PEKING OPERA COMPANY.  The fact that Jean-Louis Gagnon and Raymond Arthur Davis were both CBC employees together, were both involved in Soviet espionage (Jean-Louis Gagnon’s name came out in early references to the “papers” in 1946 but this was hushed up subsequently and Gagnon had to leave Canada for a few years until the adverse publicity was over) and the fact that both Gagnon & Infold were on the editorial board of TO-DAY in 1946 adds up to too many facts to be just co-incidences.

Another friend of Davis, one PAUL ALTERSON, 58, of 2330 Oxford Avenue in Montreal has also been involved in the illegal shipment of strategic materials to Communist countries.  The material was borax, a vital ingredient of missile fuel, which was confiscated from a ship bound for Gdynia, POLAND!  This deal was made in a round-about way, being shipped from Argentina.  Once again we see the Latin-American network of the Communists linked to Red Poland.


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Approximately 100,000 Chinese live in Latin-America, 30,000 of them in Cuba.  This is one of the reasons the Red Chinese regime has been wooing them.  Peking has been sending “technicians” to Cuba, purchasing Cuban goods and providing “aid”.  What is not so well known, however, except to INTERPOL, is the fact that Red China has been trying to enrich itself and poison its Latin-American markets by the production and export of narcotic drugs.  Already last week one Cuban smuggler was arrested in the USA in possession of drugs which he had brought from Mexico in a cleverly-hidden secret place in his car.


The Chinese Red government is seeking recognition and the status of a civilized country, as a member of the United Nations, yet at the same time the Red Chinese have established a well-knit smuggling organization all over Latin-America that has three purposes: –

  • (1) to obtain foreign exchange (especially USA & Canadian dollars);

  • (2) to finance subversive activities in various Latin-American countries;

  • (3) to sabotage opponents and prospective victims by creating drug addicts among their population.

These are not just off-hand statements.  They were made by Mr. Harry J. Anslinger, the USA Federal Narcotics Commissioner.  For many years now the Red Chinese “Operation Poison” has been spreading its foul tentacles wider and wider over Latin-America after having poisoned the Pacific area.  The sum total of misery and human destruction caused by this operation is enormous.


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Now that the Polish ship BATORY (of Gerhardt Sisler fame) has inaugurated a run that will link Montreal & Quebec ports to Leningrad, we see a concentration of Soviet-Red Chinese espionage activities being centered on the vital port of Vancouver.  Here are some disturbing facts: –


Effective January 1961, the pro-Soviet Institute of Pacific Relations (IPR) has moved from New York to Vancouver.  This is the same IPR that supplied personnel to the US State Department that practically gave China to the Communists via such officials as Owen Lattimore and Alger Hiss.


The NORTH PACIFIC SHIPPING COMPANY, agents for SINOFRACHT, Red China’s chartering and shipbroking corporation in Peking, announced last month that three Danish vessels, under charter to SINOFRACHT, arrived at Vancouver for “trading purposes”.  A spokesman for the ALUMINUM COMPANY OF CANADA said, “our Company wants Chinese business, and we will be willing to sell any quantity of aluminum at market price”.


The Communists have a stranglehold on all B.C. trade-unions and the CLC unions are infiltrated from top to bottom by old-time Communist hard-core elements.  Harry Bridges’ union controls the Vancouver & Victoria waterfronts, the shipyards, smelters, forestry & fishing industries are hog-tied with Communist-controlled unions.  These Reds can paralyze Vancouver in the event of war with the Soviet Union.


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If all this information should give cause for alarm, there are positive counter-measures which are being taken by the RCMP which will certainly spike Soviet-Red Chinese-Castro Cuban espionage attempts in Canada.  The announcememt by CUBANA AIRLINES of two “special” plane flights between Montreal-Havana and Havana-Prague caused growing concern, especially since the arrival in Cuba of Comrade SERGEI KOUDRIAVTZEV, who once masterminded a Soviet spy ring in Canada and who was exposed by Gouzenko in 1946.

The RCMP moved in fast at Dorval Montreal airport recently and took charge of the Department of Transport police detachment.  The RCMP will assume full police duties at all Canadian airports as soon as possible.  This move will prevent the Cubans from utilizing CUBANA AIRLINES as a “courier” transmission belt from its agents in Montreal to the Soviet “bosses” in Prague, Warsaw and Moscow.  This will also put a stop to the possible circulation of counterfeit money now believed to be printed by experts of the Soviet Embassy in Ottawa & Havana.  Both KOUDRIAVTZEV and VICTOR MININ worked together in East Germany & Moscow in 1955-56 in a counterfeit ring of USA ten and twenty-dollar bills which flooded West Germany for a while.

This RCMP move will also close a serious gap through which Red China could easily have smuggled in narcotics.

In conclusion, I would strongly recommend the reading of the TESTIMONY OF CAPTAIN NIKOLAI PEDOROVICH ARTANONOV (a former Soviet Naval officer) before the COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES on Sept. 14, 1960.  This confirms articles written by the undersigned in THE VOICE OF FREEDOM in July & August 1955 on Soviet espionage activities off the Newfoundland Grand Banks.  Perhaps, for the know-it-alls, it might serve a purpose of taking these articles more seriously in the future.

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Pat Walsh. [Typed under Signature]

Réponse de Pat Walsh à Gérard Fortin et Tim Buck

Category:  Historical Reprints
SourceL’Action Catholique, page 9
46ième année — No 14,089
Mardi 3 mars 1953

Qu’est-ce que c’est, L’Action catholique ?

« L’Action catholique (1915-1962), a longtemps été le quotidien préféré des ruraux, avec ses chroniques touchant tous les sujets de la vie courante.  Intitulé L’Action sociale de 1907 à 1915, il paraîtra ensuite sous le titre L’Action (1962-1971), puis L’Action-Québec de 1971 à 1973.  Les pages de ce quotidien populaire diffusé dans la grande région de Québec — un rival du Soleil de l’époque — regorgent d’information sur les préoccupations de ses contemporains. »

La source de cette dernière description est la Bibliothèque et archives du Québec dans sa collection « L’Action catholique (1915-1962) en ligne ».


Réponse de Pat Walsh
à Gérard Fortin et Tim Buck

Par Louis-Philippe Roy

On trouvera plus bas les textes de deux déclarations de M. Pat Walsh, ancien membre de diverses organisations communistes dont les révélations vendredi dernieront causé une certaine sensation au pays.  Dans ces textes, M. Walsh répond à Gérard Fortin, président du local 4 de l’Union des Bûcherons.

Réponse à Tim Buck

Tim Buck, le chef “apparent” du Parti Communiste au Canada, a déclaré à Toronto que j’étais un membre de l’Armée Républicaine Irlandaise.  Ceux qui connaissent un peu l’histoire d’Irlande savent que la guerre civile en Irlande a pris fin en 1922 avec l’éta­blis­se­ment de l’Etat libre d’Irlande.  Or je suis né en 1916 dans la ville de Québec, ce qui veut dire (selon le raisonnement du monsieur Buck) que je suis allé combattre pour L’ARL avant d’avoir atteint six ans&nbsp… quel soldat précoce tout de même.  Je déclare que je n’ai jamais fait partie de l’Armée Républicaine Irlandaise, et si Buck a été assez imbécile pour me croire quand je lui donne ce prétexte pour ne pas prendre une carte de membre du Parti Communiste, tant pis pour lui car je devine qu’en ce moment certains “camarades” de l’Ambassade Soviétique se préparent à “purger” Tim Buck pour s’être faite si facilement rouler.  Et en plus, si j’avais fait partie, de près ou de loin, de l’Armée Républicaine Irlandaise, mise hors la loi dans tout l’Empire Britannique, la Gendarmerie Royale m’aurait arrêté en 1939 et j’aurais été interné.

Quand Tim Buck parle “d’invention” en ce qui concerne mes accusations, il repète tout simplement un vieux cliché de nos Rouges.  Quand Fred Rose et Sam Carr ont été pris la main dans le sac pour espionnage en 1946, Tim Buck a été le premier à accuser le gouvernement fédérale d’avoir “inventé” les accusations d’espionnage contre les espions à la solde du Kremlin, mais les procès ont prouvé clairement que les Rose et les Carr étaient vraiment des espions.  Que Buck ne s’impatiente pas, je ferai des précisions avant longtemps.

Réponse à Gérard Fortin

Avant longtemps j’aurai l’occasion de prouver qui a trahi les Bûcherons, Gérard Fortin ou le sous-signé.  Je m’étonne d’entendre Gérard Fortin parler de “trahison” … lui qui a suivi trois cours spécialisés l’été passé sur le sabotage et l’espionnage dans des écoles secrètes du parti communiste, à Bracebridge dans l’Ontario, lui qui s’est vanté du matériel de guerre destiné au troupes Nationalistes chinoises pendant qu’il était organisateur communiste (pour ne pas dire plus) sur les navires, dans le Pacifique, en 1946.

J’affirme que Fortin a trahi non seulement les bûcherons, mais encore nos marins canadiens et les ouvrières de la Diva Shoe à Richmond en 1950 … en se servant de la classe ouvrière pour mieux camoufler son travail de communiste et de traître à son pays, de plus en se servant de l’argent des cotisations des bûcherons pour l’achat de propagande communiste, pour défrayer ses voyages à Montréal hebdomadairement afin d’assister aux assemblées du comité provincial du parti communiste (POP) et pour d’autres fins de propagande communiste, il se rend coupable de détournement de fonds, car les bûcherons honnêtes qui ont payé leurs cotisations avec de l’argent qu’ils ont si péniblement gagné, vont maintenant savoir que des milliers de dollars des fonds de l’UB et de l’UTCTB ont été employés pour des fins du parti communiste.  Fortin ne perd rien pour attendre et on verra à la fin qui a trahi la classe ouvrière — celui qui prend ses ordres de Moscou et qui jure seulement par Staline, ou celui qui a risqué sa vie pour mieux démasquer les agissements Rouges.

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Response of Pat Walsh to Gérard Fortin and Tim Buck

Category:  Historical Reprints
SourceL’Action Catholique, front page, headline
46th year — No. 14,089
Friday, 27 February 1953

What is L’Action Catholique?

L’Action Catholique (1915-1962), was for a long time the favorite rural daily newspaper, with its articles touching on all the subjects of everyday life.  Known as L’Action Sociale from 1907 to 1915, it subsequently appears as L’Action (1962-1971), then as L’Action Québec from 1971 to 1973.  The pages of this popular daily newspaper distributed in the greater Quebec City area — was a competitor of Le Soleil [The Sun] of the era — burst with information on the concerns of its contemporaries.”

The source of the foregoing description is the Quebec Library and Archives at its on-line collection “L’Action Catholique (1915-1962) en ligne”.


Réponse de Pat Walsh
à Gérard Fortin et Tim Buck

Par Louis-Philippe Roy

English translation by Kathleen Moore


Further below are the texts of two declarations of Mr. Pat Walsh, former member of various Communist organizations whose revelations last Friday caused more or less a sensation across the country.  In these texts, Mr. Walsh replies to Gérard Fortin, president of local 4 of the Lumbermen’s Union.

Reply to Tim Buck

Tim Buck, the “apparent” leader of the Communist Party in Canada, declared in Toronto that I was a member of the Irish Republican Army.  Those who know a bit of the history of Ireland know that the civil war in Ireland ended in 1922 with the establishment of the Irish Free State.  Now, I was born in 1916 in the City of Québec, which is to say (according to the logic of Mr. Buck) that I went to fight for the IRA before attaining the age of six … what a precocious soldier all the same.  I declare that I have never been a part of the Irish Republican Army, and if Buck was thick enough to believe me when I gave him this pretext for not taking out a Communist party card, so much the worse for him, because I prophecy that at this very moment certain “comrades” from the Soviet Embassy are preparing to “purge” Tim Buck for being so easy to roll.  And moreover, if I had been a part, from near or from far, of the Irish Republican Army, made illegal in the whole British Empire, the RCMP would have arrested me in 1939 and I would have been interned.

When Tim Buck speaks of “invention” with regard to my accusations, he quite simply repeats an old cliché of our Reds.  When Fred Rose and Sam Carr were caught in the act for espionage in 1946, Tim Buck was the first to accuse the federal government of having “invented” the accusations of espionage against these spies for the Kremlin, however, their trials clearly proved that the Roses and the Carrs were really spies.  Let Buck not lose patience, I will provide details soon.

Reply to Gérard Fortin

Before long, I will have occasion to prove who has betrayed the Lumbermen, Gérard Fortin or the under-signed.  I am astounded to hear Gérard Fortin speak of “trahison” (betrayal) … he who followed three specialized courses this past summer in sabotage and espionage in the secret schools of the Communist Party, at Bracebridge in Ontario, he who bragged about war materiel destined for the National Chinese troops when he was Communist organiser (to say no more) on the ships, in the Pacific, in 1946.

I affirm that Fortin betrayed not only the Lumbermen, but also the Canadian seamen and the workers of Diva Shoe in Richmond in 1950 … by using the working class to better camouflage his Communist work and his treason to his country, moreover in using money from the membership fees of the Lumbermen to pay for Communist propaganda, to cover the costs of weekly trips to Montreal to attend meetings of the provincial committee of the Communist Party (POP) and for other Communist propaganda uses, he is guilty of embezzlement of funds, because the honest Lumbermen who paid their dues with the money they so strenuously earned, will now know that thousands of dollars of UB and UTCTB funds were used for the purposes of the Communist Party.  it will cost Fortin nothing to wait, and we will see at the end who has betrayed the working class — he who took orders from Moscow and swore only by Stalin, or he who risked his life to better unmask Red activities.

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Report From Manila

Category:  Historical Reprints.
SourceStraight Talk! Published By The Edmund Burke Society.
Editor:  F. Paul Fromm
Associate Editor:  Kastuś Akula
Writers:  E.B.S. members and friends
Directors:  The Council of the E.B.S.
[Circa September 1971]

The Edmund Burke Society is a movement dedicated to presrving and promoting the basic virtues of Western Christian Civilization — individual freedom; individual responsibility; a self-sacrificing love of country; and a willingness to work and pay one’s own way and not be a burden on others.  These virtues have made our civilization great.  Communism, socialism, and welfare-state liberalism are tearing it apart.  The Edmund Burke Society stands for a regeneration of Western Civilization and firm action against all its enemies.

The E.B.S. is financed mainly through small donations from generous Canadians.  Straight Talk!  is produced by voluntary labour.


(The Freedom Council of Canada, the Canadian Chapter of the World Anti-Communist League, sent Patrick Walsh as official delegate to the fifth WACL Conference in the Philippines from July 21st to 25th.  On his return to Canada, Mr. Walsh sent the following exclusive report to the EBS for publication in STRAIGHT TALK! – F.P.F.)

Report From Manila

By Patrick Walsh

I was pleasantly surprised in Manila when requested to reply to the speech by the guest speaker, the Hon. Juan Ponce Enrile, the Filippino Secretary of National Defence.  The day of our arrival in Manila, six Maoist NPA (New People’s Army) thugs tried to hold up a bank, FLQ-style, but the efficient Metrocom anti-subversive squads sprang into action and killed all six of the Maoists..  In my remarks, I asked Mr. Enrile if he couldn’t send a few jeep-loads of Metrocom police to wipe out the FLQ scum in Montreal!

Readers of STRAIGHT TALK will want to know my biggest impression of the whole Conference.  This is easy.  At our concluding Freedom Rally, held at the Independence grandstand, on July 25th, our guest speaker was Juanita Castro (“Those Communists who demand ‘freedom’, tomorrow will refuse us that freedom”).  There were over 6,000 people at this rally, many of them high school and university students of a refreshing kind.  Suddenly, in the middle of Miss Castro’s speech, heavy rains generated by Typhoon Sisang, soaked the crowd as well as Miss Castro.  Somebody hurriedly gave Miss Castro an umbrella, but she tossed it aside and kept on speaking for another hour, despite the heavy downpour.

I was also very impressed by the large number of youth delegates and observers who came from all parts of the Free World, as a result of the growing activities of the World Youth Anti-Communist League (WACL).  I am sure EBS will want to attend the 6th WACL Conference in Mexico in October 1972, and help strengthen the Canadian delegation.  The “Halcones” (Falcons) will be in charge of security in Mexico.

                                                                      — Pat Walsh.

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